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Atonement and ForgivenessA New Model for Black Reparations$
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Roy Brooks

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780520239418

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520239418.001.0001

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The Purpose and History of the Black Redress Movement

The Purpose and History of the Black Redress Movement

(p.1) Chapter 1 The Purpose and History of the Black Redress Movement
Atonement and Forgiveness

Roy L. Brooks

University of California Press

The organized idea to obtain slave redress—redress for slavery and Jim Crow together—is referred to as the “black redress movement.” The movement is increasing in strength and acceptance as it becomes better understood. Better understanding is the key to its growth. The modern black redress movement is in its nascent stage, not unlike the pre-1963 civil rights movement. The modern movement began in 1989 with the introduction of a slave redress bill in Congress by Representative John Conyers. Since 1989, dozens of books, articles, and commentaries have been written about it. Comparably, several cities and states have addressed the question of slave redress in some better ways. The black redress movement is an endeavor by black Americans and others to secure redress from the federal or state governments for stolen capital on behalf of the slaves, free blacks, and their descendants.

Keywords:   slave redress, black redress, John Conyers, free blacks, descendants

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