Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Atonement and ForgivenessA New Model for Black Reparations$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Roy Brooks

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780520239418

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520239418.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 28 February 2021

Harms to Slaves and Free Blacks

Harms to Slaves and Free Blacks

(p.20) Chapter 2 Harms to Slaves and Free Blacks
Atonement and Forgiveness

Roy L. Brooks

University of California Press

The Atlantic slave trade was not slavery as typical, although the use of human beings as domesticated animals reaches back to ancient Mesopotamia. The Atlantic slave trade as originated by the Portuguese in the fifteenth century was a new form of slavery—far more diabolical than that which had existed since ancient times, and far more appalling than the intertribal slavery that existed in Africa prior to the European influence. Slavery in the Americas initiated the troubling element of race into the master/slave relationship. Dark skin became the social marker of chattel slavery for the first time in history. And, as a way of justifying this new face—a black face—given to an ancient practice, the slavers and their supporters created a race-specific ideology of condemnation. In due course, racial slavery became institutionalized in the North American colonies—first by custom in the New England colonies and then by law in Massachusetts.

Keywords:   Atlantic slave, Mesopotamia, Africa, colonies, Massachusetts

California Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.