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The Hellenistic Settlements in Syria, the Red Sea Basin, and North Africa$
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Getzel Cohen

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780520241480

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520241480.001.0001

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(p.199) IV Phoenicia (p.200)
The Hellenistic Settlements in Syria, the Red Sea Basin, and North Africa

Getzel M. Cohen

University of California Press

This chapter discusses the settlements in Alexandroschene, Demetrias by the sea, Eupatreia, Herakleia in Phoenicia Arka, Laodikeia in Phoenicia Berytos, Leukas Balanaia, Leuke Kome, Marathos, Orthosia, Ptolemais/Antioch Ake, and Tyre. Arka was close to Orthosia and was the first Phoenician city south of the Eleutheros River. It has been discovered that Berytos was renamed Laodikeia in Phoenicia from epigraphic and numismatic evidence; the extant literary sources provide no indication of this. Balanaia was located on the Syrian coast between Gabala and Antardos at the site of modern Banias. Leuke Kome was a coastal town between Beirut and Sidon. There was possibly a Macedonian colony at Marathos. Alexander the Great besieged and destroyed the city Tyre. Subsequently, he rebuilt and repopulated the city.

Keywords:   Alexandroschene, Demetrias, Eupatreia, Herakleia, Laodikeia, Leukas Balanaia, Leuke Kome, Tyre, Marathos, Orthosia

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