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The Hellenistic Settlements in Syria, the Red Sea Basin, and North Africa$
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Getzel Cohen

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780520241480

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520241480.001.0001

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Alexandreia Near Egypt

Alexandreia Near Egypt

(p.353) VIII Alexandreia Near Egypt (p.354)
The Hellenistic Settlements in Syria, the Red Sea Basin, and North Africa

Getzel M. Cohen

University of California Press

Alexander the Great founded Alexandreia in 331 B.C. The site he chose was located approximately 75 kilometers northwest of Naukratis, at the western side of the Nile Delta, between Lake Mareotis and the Mediterranean. In the past it had generally been accepted that Alexandreia was founded on the site of a native village named Rhakotis. The existence of numerous structures and monuments in the latter part of the first century B.C. is presented. The city was surrounded by a wall in the Ptolemaic period, and the streets were laid out on a grid plan. There has been an evidence for the worship of the Olympian and other Greek gods, as well as the “Egyptian” gods, especially Sarapis. The Ptolemies were much concerned about developing Alexandreia as a cultural center.

Keywords:   Alexandreia, Egypt, Alexander the Great, Rhakotis, Sarapis, worship

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