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Crude PoliticsThe California Oil Market, 1900-1940$
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Paul Sabin and Philip Rousseau

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780520241985

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520241985.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 19 October 2021

Defending the User-Financing System

Defending the User-Financing System

(p.182) CHAPTER 8 Defending the User-Financing System
Crude Politics

Paul Sabin

University of California Press

In the 1930s California auto clubs and their legislative advocates sought to safeguard the state gasoline tax revenues while also showing that they were helping ease the overall tax burden. The Hayden-Cartwright Act undermined state-level efforts to use highway revenues for other purposes, underscoring again how powerful economic groups used the complex jurisdictional layering of the U.S. political system to secure political advantages. The political controversies of the 1930s reveal that a desire for highways was only one of several reasons why California spent so much money on road construction in the 1930s and afterward. The state highway department, highway contractors, labor unions, oil companies, and automobile clubs fought to preserve dedicated highway funds. California had trapped itself in a landscape of freeways and highways, and a slight shift in transportation dollars toward mass transportation could do little to reverse the tide.

Keywords:   California auto clubs, legislative advocates, Hayden-Cartwright Act, U.S. political system, freeways, highways, road construction

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