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Holy Bishops in Late AntiquityThe Nature of Christian Leadership in an Age of Transition$
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Claudia Rapp

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780520242968

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520242968.001.0001

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The Bishop as a New Urban Functionary

The Bishop as a New Urban Functionary

Chapter:
(p.274) Chapter Nine The Bishop as a New Urban Functionary
Source:
Holy Bishops in Late Antiquity
Author(s):

Claudia Rapp

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520242968.003.0009

This chapter provides a comparison of the treatment of bishops in the Theodosian Code and in the Justinianic Code and Novellae shows that in the interval between these two codifications, bishops who had in the fourth century been regarded and revered as model Christians were in the sixth century treated as dependable model citizens. It then argues that the bishop was never absorbed into the curia but instead joined the new ruling group of leading citizens that was crystallizing at the time, forming a new urban and Christian elite. Imperial legislation focused on the curia, the city council, and the decuriones, the city councilors. The bishops did not simply replace the curia and its functions, nor were they absorbed into it.

Keywords:   bishops, Theodosian Code, Justinianic Code, Novellae, curia, decuriones, codifications, Christian

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