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City and School in Late Antique Athens and Alexandria$
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Edward Watts

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780520244214

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520244214.001.0001

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Prohaeresius and the Later Fourth Century

Prohaeresius and the Later Fourth Century

(p.48) Chapter 3 Prohaeresius and the Later Fourth Century
City and School in Late Antique Athens and Alexandria

Edward J. Watts

University of California Press

At the turn of the fourth century, the economic, political, and cultural importance of teachers in Athens had led to the development of an informal system that regulated the city's schools. However, as the fourth century progressed, the emergence of Christianity as the faith of the governing class of the empire introduced a new, religious element into Athenian scholastic politics. The addition of religion to this relatively well-defined political process had the effect of making the regulation of teaching more arbitrary. The first Athenian teacher to benefit directly from this new emphasis upon religion was the Christian rhetorician Prohaeresius. This chapter gives an account of the life of Prohaeresius, including his origins, early life, and career as a professor in Athenian schools.

Keywords:   Prohaeresius, Athens, education, Christianity, Roman empire, culture

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