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Berenike and the Ancient Maritime Spice Route$
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Steven Sidebotham

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780520244306

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520244306.001.0001

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Other Emporia

Other Emporia

(p.175) 9 Other Emporia
Berenike and the Ancient Maritime Spice Route

Steven E. Sidebotham

University of California Press

Ampelome/Ampelone was likely founded by Ptolemy II along the Arabian Red Sea coast. Leuke Kome played a key role in maritime commerce and overland caravan trade passing en route to Petra. Aila had much commercial interaction with areas in the Indian Ocean. Evidence suggests that the canal was not used perennially, but functioned only during the Nile's inundation season—from sometime in September to December/January. Other early Roman ports addressed include Abu Sha'ar, Philoteras, Myos Hormos, Marsa Nakari, Ptolemais (Epi)Theron, Adulis, the Farasan islands, Opônê, Kané, Moscha Limen, and Socotra. Pliny writes that sailing times from the northern Red Sea emporia like Berenike to southern Arabian ports such as Qana' were about thirty days. Even the written sources reveal only a fraction of what could be learned about commercial and governmental activities in the last centuries B.C.E.

Keywords:   Ampelome, Leuke Kome, Aila, Abu Sha'ar, Philoteras, Myos Hormos, Marsa Nakari, Ptolemais (Epi)Theron, Moscha Limen, Socotra

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