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Backlash against Welfare MothersPast and Present$
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Ellen Reese

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780520244610

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520244610.001.0001

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. Southern Welfare Backlashes: Georgia and Kentucky

. Southern Welfare Backlashes: Georgia and Kentucky

(p.70) 5. Southern Welfare Backlashes: Georgia and Kentucky
Backlash against Welfare Mothers

Ellen Reese

University of California Press

This chapter compares Georgia’s large-scale purge of its welfare rolls with Kentucky’s welfare backlash, which was not nearly as powerful. The relative strength of these two welfare backlashes reflected broader differences in these states’ political economies and race relations. One of the main forces pushing for welfare cutbacks in Georgia, and one of the main beneficiaries, was large farmers, who have a long history of controlling the distribution of welfare. The welfare backlash was more extensive and influential in Georgia than in Kentucky. There was greater resistance to restricting ADC in Kentucky, which only adopted a few new welfare regulations in the 1950s. There, corporate farmers played a less decisive role in state politics.

Keywords:   welfare backlash, Georgia, Kentucky, political economies, race, welfare cutbacks, large farmers, welfare regulations, corporate farmers, state politics

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