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Bad YouthJuvenile Delinquency and the Politics of Everyday Life in Modern Japan$
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David Ambaras

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780520245792

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520245792.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 25 June 2021

Assimilating the Lower Classes

Assimilating the Lower Classes

(p.30) Chapter 2 Assimilating the Lower Classes
Bad Youth

David R. Ambaras

University of California Press

This chapter discusses the adjustment of the lower classes. It notes that despite the reformers' humanitarian intentions, they tended to view the lower classes through their own prejudices and offered benefits that did not meet the needs of their clients. The first section of the chapter takes a look at the social problems and social knowledge that were present at the start of the twentieth century, followed by a description of street urchins and the problem of the lower-class society. From there, the discussion shifts to the reformatory law and reformatory movement, which were enacted for the treatment of juvenile offenders, and also looks at reformatories in both practice and theory, and the special elementary schools that were built in Tokyo.

Keywords:   lower classes, social problems, social knowledge, street urchins, reformatory law, reformatory movement, juvenile offenders, reformatories, special elementary schools

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