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The Dark TreeJazz and the Community Arts in Los Angeles$
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Steve Isoardi

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780520245914

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520245914.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 28 June 2022

The Mothership

The Mothership

From UGMA to the Pan Afrikan Peoples Arkestra and UGMAA

(p.112) 6 The Mothership
The Dark Tree

Steven L. Isoardi

University of California Press

This chapter examines the evolution of the Underground Musicians Association (UGMA) and the formation of the Pan Afrikan Peoples Arkestra (PAPA) in Los Angeles, California. It explains that the UGMA became the Underground Musicians and Artists Association (UGMAA) in 1968 to reflect the varied arts represented within the movement and they established a larger organization called PAPA to encompass the different facets of their work. It suggests that the name change signified organization's intent to establish a more concrete organization and space for the community arts and was a summary statement of their many influences.

Keywords:   Underground Musicians Association, community arts, Los Angeles, California

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