From UGMA to the Pan Afrikan Peoples Arkestra and UGMAA
This chapter examines the evolution of the Underground Musicians Association (UGMA) and the formation of the Pan Afrikan Peoples Arkestra (PAPA) in Los Angeles, California. It explains that the UGMA became the Underground Musicians and Artists Association (UGMAA) in 1968 to reflect the varied arts represented within the movement and they established a larger organization called PAPA to encompass the different facets of their work. It suggests that the name change signified organization's intent to establish a more concrete organization and space for the community arts and was a summary statement of their many influences.
California Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.
To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.