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The Dark TreeJazz and the Community Arts in Los Angeles$
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Steve Isoardi

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780520245914

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520245914.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 27 July 2021

At the Crossroads

At the Crossroads

The Ark and UGMAA in the 1980s

Chapter:
(p.201) 9 At the Crossroads
Source:
The Dark Tree
Author(s):

Steven L. Isoardi

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520245914.003.0009

This chapter describes the status of the Underground Musicians and Artists Association (UGMAA) and Pan Afrikan Peoples Arkestra (PAPA) during the 1980s. It explains that the 1980s were an especially difficult time for many residents of South Central Los Angeles and African Americans were three times more likely than whites to fall below the poverty line. The effect of the UGMAA and the Arkestra were the loss of Construction Education and Training Authority (CETA) funding, the Shop, nonprofit status, and the Immanuel United Church of Christ (IUCC). The economic devastation and elimination of arts and music programs within the schools and throughout the city also curtailed the Arkestra's audience and potential recruits.

Keywords:   African Americans, poverty, funding, nonprofit status, schools, arts program, music program

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