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Earthquake NationThe Cultural Politics of Japanese Seismicity, 1868-1930$
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Greg Clancey

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780520246072

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520246072.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 28 September 2021

. Japan as Earthquake Nation

. Japan as Earthquake Nation

(p.151) Six. Japan as Earthquake Nation
Earthquake Nation

Gregory Clancey

University of California Press

In the immediate aftermath of the Nōbi earthquake, seismology commanded state patronage as a science of aftershock. The Imperial Earthquake Investigation Committee (IEIC), the first interdisciplinary scientific research body established by the Meiji state, was a direct result of the Nōbi earthquake, and would oversee one of the most high-profile Japanese science projects of the Meiji and Taishō eras. Despite Japan's reputation as an earthquake country and the financial resources of the IEIC, Japan still did not become, in the first decade of the twentieth century, the undisputed center of world seismology. The reason was that certain astronomical instruments owned by the German physicist Ernst von Rebeur-Paschwitz, but based on the principle of James Ewing's original seismograph, had become so sensitive by the late 1880s that waves from the relatively strong Kumamoto (Japan) earthquake of 1889 were faintly registered at his laboratory in Potsdam.

Keywords:   aftershock, Nōbi earthquake, seismology, Meiji state, Ernst von Rebeur-Paschwitz

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