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Earthquake NationThe Cultural Politics of Japanese Seismicity, 1868-1930$
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Greg Clancey

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780520246072

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520246072.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 25 September 2021

. The Great KantŌ Earthquake and the Submergence of the Earthquake Nation

. The Great KantŌ Earthquake and the Submergence of the Earthquake Nation

Chapter:
(p.212) Eight. The Great KantŌ Earthquake and the Submergence of the Earthquake Nation
Source:
Earthquake Nation
Author(s):

Gregory Clancey

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520246072.003.0009

For the generation educated after the crisis of Nōbi, earthquake resistance cemented a different and more positive set of relationships. The Japanese architectural academy rebuilt itself in the early twentieth century around a new material — ferro-concrete. Just before noon on September 1, 1923, Tokyo was shaken to its depths by a massive earthquake that rolled through the city from the direction of Sagami Bay. Ten thousand buildings collapsed almost immediately and more than 140,000 people died by the following dawn, most killed in the fires that burned the still largely wooden city to the ground. The sudden, all-too-complete destruction of their capital threatened to erase overnight the image of the Japanese as a people in control of their own nature. With the outbreak of war with China in 1937, the resist-earthquakes regime became a resist-aerial-bombardment one.

Keywords:   Japanese architecture, seismology, ferro-concrete, Tokyo earthquake, China

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