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Sexual Inequalities and Social Justice$
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Niels Teunis and Gilbert Herdt

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780520246140

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520246140.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 25 September 2021

Sexual Enslavement and Reproductive Health: Narratives of Han among Korean Comfort Women Survivors

Sexual Enslavement and Reproductive Health: Narratives of Han among Korean Comfort Women Survivors

Chapter:
(p.86) Chapter 4 Sexual Enslavement and Reproductive Health: Narratives of Han among Korean Comfort Women Survivors
Source:
Sexual Inequalities and Social Justice
Author(s):

Chunghee Sarah Soh

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520246140.003.0005

The Asia-Pacific War (1931–1945) witnessed a boom in forced prostitution of Japanese, Dutch, and Korean girls, with the last nationality constituting the bulk. This chapter seeks to discern the effect that sexual enslavement has had on reproductive health of comfort women (the term for these women in common parlance) survivors by analyzing their life-historical testimonial stories with a focus on the Korean cases. From a macrolevel structural perspective, class and ethnic discrimination under colonialism were the fundamental variables that precipitated their recruitment into military prostitution and sexual slavery in the first place. From a microlevel sexual and social psychological perspective, in contrast, there are intragroup differences that further complicate the causal factors for social inequality and personal suffering of former comfort women. The common thread between the subjects and the researcher in terms of pervasive gender discrimination in patriarchal societies such as Korea, inducts the inquiry into participatory research.

Keywords:   Asia-Pacific war, comfort women, sexual enslavement, survivor, macrolevel structural perspective

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