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The Ecology of Marine FishesCalifornia and Adjacent Waters$
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Larry Allen

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780520246539

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520246539.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021

Symbiotic Relationships

Symbiotic Relationships

(p.554) Chapter 21 Symbiotic Relationships
The Ecology of Marine Fishes


University of California Press

The symbiotic relationships of plants and animals have fascinated terrestrial biologists for centuries, and with the development and improvement of scuba and underwater photographic and recording equipments since the mid-20th century the symbiotic stories of aquatic creatures are now becoming appreciated as well. This chapter presents examples of symbioses involving fishes in California coastal and offshore waters extending south to Magdalena Bay, Baja California. It includes selected literature concerning California and examples of symbiosis as well as review articles involving extralimital symbiotic relationships are included. It also cites opportunities for further research. Simply, mutualism benefits both partners; commensalism involves benefits to one partner without harming or helping the other; and parasitism benefits one of a pair while the other suffers a reduction in fitness. Phoresis is considered to be a subcategory of commensalism.

Keywords:   symbiosis, mutualism, extralimital symbiotic relationships, commensalism, parasitism, phoresis

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