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The Ecology of Marine FishesCalifornia and Adjacent Waters$
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Larry Allen

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780520246539

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520246539.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 28 September 2021

Bays and Estuaries

Bays and Estuaries

Chapter:
(p.118) (p.119) Chapter 5 Bays and Estuaries
Source:
The Ecology of Marine Fishes
Author(s):

LARRY G. ALLEN

MARY M. YOKLAVICH

GREGOR M. CAILLIET

MICHAEL H. HORN

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520246539.003.0005

Estuaries are among the most productive areas on earth, and fish biomass in these habitats ranks with that of the marine regions of upwelling, coral reefs, and kelp beds. This chapter characterizes California bay-estuarine fish assemblages from two broad perspectives: latitudinal distribution patterns, and major ecological features. The coastline from Humboldt Bay in northern California to Laguna de Ojo Liebre in central Baja California spans about 11° of latitude and crosses biogeographic boundaries and environmental gradients, especially of temperature and rainfall. This perspective can be divided into two components: species-area relationships, and classification based on salt tolerance and life-history pattern, which relate generally to the ecological classification of the entire California marine fish fauna. The overarching ecological features of diversity, productivity, seasonality, inter-annual variability, and nursery function are important in portraying and understanding bay-estuarine fish ecology.

Keywords:   ecological features, latitudinal distribution patterns, salt tolerance, species-area relationships, California, bay-estuarine fish ecology

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