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Science, Culture, and Modern State Formation$
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Patrick Carroll

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780520247536

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520247536.001.0001

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Engineering Culture and the Civilizing Mission

Engineering Culture and the Civilizing Mission

William Petty and the New Science in Ireland

(p.52) 3 Engineering Culture and the Civilizing Mission
Science, Culture, and Modern State Formation

Patrick Carroll

University of California Press

This chapter focuses on the relationship between engine science and government with respect to philosophy, colonial statecraft, and the civilizing mission. It notes that Hobbes was among the first to raise alarm about the prospect of “experimental politics,” a politics he believed to be implied by Boyle's agenda for natural philosophy. It positions Hobbes's Leviathan in relation to Machiavelli's Prince and William Petty's Political Anatomy of Ireland, arguing that Petty's work represents a key shift in the science and art of government. It employs Petty to illustrate the role of engine science in the designs of English government in Ireland, particularly in terms of cartography, surveying, censuses, political arithmetic, and political economy.

Keywords:   engine science, government, philosophy, colonial statecraft, civilizing mission, experimental politics, Hobbes, William Petty, Ireland, cartography

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