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Experimental EvolutionConcepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments$
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Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520247666

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520247666.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

Behavior and Neurobiology

Behavior and Neurobiology

(p.263) 11 Behavior and Neurobiology
Experimental Evolution

Justin S. Rhodes

Tadeusz J. Kawecki

University of California Press

This chapter presents some of the methods in experimental evolution that can be used to study the evolution of behavior, illustrating how these can be applied toward understanding the origin and mechanisms of behavioral diversity. One method is artificial selection, a powerful tool used to explore the question of how behavior evolves; another is mass selection, which relies on an experimental setup that sorts individuals into groups depending on a particular behavior. An alternative approach for identifying mechanisms of behavioral evolution is to use experimental methods to explore genetics and physiology of real behavioral shifts that occurred among populations or species in nature. The chapter describes how laboratory experimental tools, such as genetic engineering and pharmacology, were used to discover the evolution of mating systems in voles.

Keywords:   experimental evolution, behavior, behavioral diversity, artificial selection, mass selection, behavioral evolution, genetics, genetic engineering, pharmacology

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