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Experimental EvolutionConcepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments$
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Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520247666

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520247666.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

Experimental Evolutionary Domestication

Experimental Evolutionary Domestication

(p.88) (p.89) 5 Experimental Evolutionary Domestication
Experimental Evolution

Pedro Simões

Josiane Santos

Margarida Matos

University of California Press

Drosophila is one of the commonly used organisms in experimental evolution. One of the goals of experimental studies in Drosophila is to characterize the potential of populations to respond directly to selection. Studies of the evolutionary domestication of Drosophila are also of interest, as they allow the characterization of the evolutionary dynamics of local adaptation in populations with considerable genetic variation at the start of selection. In this chapter, the real-time studies of evolutionary domestication in Drosophila subobscura are discussed. The chapter outlines results for just two adult traits, early fecundity and female starvation resistance, and also discusses comparative methods used to study evolutionary patterns in laboratory adaptation as opposed to the analysis of evolutionary trajectories.

Keywords:   Drosophila, evolutionary dynamics, genetic variation, domestication, Drosophila subobscura, fecundity, starvation resistance, laboratory adaptation

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