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OceanReflections on a Century of Exploration$
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Wolf Berger and David Lindberg

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520247789

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520247789.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 06 July 2022

Global Warming and the Ocean

Global Warming and the Ocean

Human Impact on a Greenhouse Planet

(p.438) (p.439) Fifteen Global Warming and the Ocean

Wolf H. Berger

University of California Press

This chapter discusses human influence on global warming and assesses the ocean’s response to warming. Global warming is a chief consequence of excess greenhouse effect. Burning fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas produces massive amounts of carbon dioxide. This affects the radiation balance of the planet by warming the ground and lower atmosphere beyond the normal background greenhouse effect. Global warming also affects deep circulation and the exchange of carbon dioxide between the ocean and the atmosphere. It changes the chemistry of surface waters, thus affecting the biological productivity of the ocean.

Keywords:   global warming, greenhouse effect, carbon dioxide, radiation, deep circulation

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