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OceanReflections on a Century of Exploration$
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Wolf Berger and David Lindberg

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520247789

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520247789.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 15 June 2021

Of Coral Reefs and Atolls

Of Coral Reefs and Atolls

Stone Gardens of Tropical Seas

(p.94) (p.95) Four Of Coral Reefs and Atolls

Wolf H. Berger

University of California Press

This chapter explores the diversity of coral reefs and atolls and the factors governing their patterns of distribution. It highlights the important reasons for studying and mapping coral reefs, and describes the major factors that threaten the coral reef ecosystem. Reef ecosystems are now facing overexploitation brought about by sophisticated technology that supports intense fishing and collecting of corals and mollusks. Another threat to coral reefs is coral bleaching, or the loss of photosynthesizing symbionts due to progressive global warming.

Keywords:   coral reefs, atolls, reef ecosystems, coral bleaching, global warming

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