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George GershwinHis Life and Work$
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Howard Pollack

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780520248649

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520248649.001.0001

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From Morris Gest's Midnight Whirl (1919) to The Perfect Fool (1921)

From Morris Gest's Midnight Whirl (1919) to The Perfect Fool (1921)

(p.242) Chapter Thirteen From Morris Gest's Midnight Whirl (1919) to The Perfect Fool (1921)
George Gershwin

Howard Pollack

University of California Press

Morris Gest's Midnight Whirl was Gershwin's first revue to appear on Broadway. In 1919, Gershwin also recorded his Novelette in Fourths for piano, presumably written that year. He wrote another instrumental work, Lullaby, a short piece for string quartet that survives. Following “Swanee,” Gershwin continued to collaborate with Irving Caesar intermittently through 1923. With George White's Scandals of 1920, Broadway heard a complete new Gershwin score. The piece “Waiting for the Sun to Come Out” was George and Ira's first published song together. Its modest success on the stage and in sheet-music and record sales must have encouraged future collaboration. Throughout 1921, Gershwin continued to write songs seemingly independent of any show.

Keywords:   Broadway, Novelette in Fourths, Irving Caesar, George White, Lullaby, Ira Gershwin

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