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Terrestrial Vegetation of California, 3rd Edition$
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Michael Barbour

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780520249554

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520249554.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 02 August 2021

Closed-Cone Pine and Cypress Forests

Closed-Cone Pine and Cypress Forests

(p.296) ELEVEN Closed-Cone Pine and Cypress Forests
Terrestrial Vegetation of California, 3rd Edition

Michael G. Barbour

University of California Press

Serotinus conifers have mature cones that remain closed and attached to the parent tree for 1 or more years after seed maturation; cones open rapidly when removed from the tree or when exposed to temperatures higher than those normally reached in the canopy due to sunlight and warm air. California has more than a dozen species of closed-cone conifers, all in the genera Cupressus, Pinus, and Sequoiadendron. This chapter provides a species-by-species summary of the population ecology of closed-cone pines and cypress in California. It offers suggestions for the management and protection of closed-cone conifers against fire regimes and other human activities.

Keywords:   serotinus conifers, closed-cone conifers, Pinus, Sequoiadendron, population ecology, closed-cone pines, cypress, fire regimes

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