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Terrestrial Vegetation of California, 3rd Edition$
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Michael Barbour

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780520249554

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520249554.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 02 August 2021

Climate, Paleoclimate, and Paleovegetation

Climate, Paleoclimate, and Paleovegetation

(p.43) TWO Climate, Paleoclimate, and Paleovegetation
Terrestrial Vegetation of California, 3rd Edition

Richard A. Minnich

University of California Press

This chapter discusses the modern climate of California and the paleoclimate and paleobiogeography of the California vegetation. California's Mediterranean climate of winter precipitation and protracted summer drought is an outcome of seasonal changes in global circulation. Climate variability in California is correlated with two-coupled ocean-atmospheric phenomena, the El Niño-Southern Oscillation and the Pacific Decadal Oscillation. The chapter also discusses global climate change, local plate tectonic history, and the development of the California flora since the late Cretaceous. Paleobiogeographic and climatic evidences are then compared to address how climate has influenced the paleobiota leading to modern vegetation. The chapter ends by considering areas for future research.

Keywords:   climate, paleoclimate, paleobiogeography, El Niño, Pacific Decadal Oscillation, paleobiota

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