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Early Life History of Marine Fishes$
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Bruce Miller and Sirpa Nummela

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520249721

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520249721.001.0001

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Habitat, Water Quality, and Conservation Biology

Habitat, Water Quality, and Conservation Biology

(p.229) Chapter 7 Habitat, Water Quality, and Conservation Biology
Early Life History of Marine Fishes

Bruce S. Miller

Arthur W. Kendall

University of California Press

This chapter begins by discussing the variety of habitats that are occupied by fish eggs and larvae; these habitats include the open ocean, coastal ocean, and estuaries. Also, the chapter discusses the stage-specificity of the area of occurrence of each stage (adults, eggs, larvae, juveniles) in the life history of fishes, pointing out the differences of demersal, pelagic, neustonic (associated with the very surface of the water), anadromous (fish that migrate from the ocean to fresh water to spawn), catadromus (fish that migrate from fresh water to the ocean to spawn), and estuarine or coastal fishes. The effect of human activity and pollution on water quality and fish habitats is discussed as well. This chapter also discusses conservation biology, marine protected areas, and fisheries management.

Keywords:   habitats, fishes, water quality, estuaries, pelagic fish, anadromous fish, catadromus fish, neustonic fish, habitat selection, human activity

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