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Homo erectusPleistocene Evidence from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia$
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W. Henry Gilbert

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520251205

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520251205.001.0001

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(p.44) (p.45) 3 Bovidae
Homo erectus

W. Henry Gilbert

University of California Press

Bovidae comprises 17 different genera, including extinct and living representatives. Bovid fossils identified by horn cores first appeared in the early Miocene of Eurasia and Africa, but the family probably originated in the Oligocene. This chapter discusses the bovid fossils from the Daka Member, which include more than 25 well-preserved crania and hundreds of dental and horn core specimens. The assemblage is especially rich in bovines, alcelaphines, and reduncines, hippotragines, tragelaphines, antilopines, caprines, aepycerotines, neotragines, and possibly ovibovines. Bovids contribute substantial paleoecological information as a result of the tendency for niche specificity among bovid tribes, genera, and species. The chapter shows the conservative view of African bovid phylogeny and presents the entire Daka bovid assemblage as a unit. It also provides brief descriptions and evolutionary backgrounds for the bovid taxa present.

Keywords:   Bovidae, bovines, alcelaphines, reduncines, hippotragines, tragelaphines, antilopines, caprines, aepycerotines, eotragines

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