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Specialization, Speciation, and RadiationThe Evolutionary Biology of Herbivorous Insects$
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Kelley Tilmon

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780520251328

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520251328.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 25 September 2021

Selection by Pollinators and Herbivores on Attraction and Defense

Selection by Pollinators and Herbivores on Attraction and Defense

(p.162) Twelve Selection by Pollinators and Herbivores on Attraction and Defense
Specialization, Speciation, and Radiation

Lynn S. Adler

University of California Press

Interactions between plants, their herbivores, and their pollinators are thought to have led to the diversification of both plants and insects. Historically, studies of plant–herbivore and plant–pollinator interactions have occurred independently. Research at both micro- and macroevolutionary levels has focused on the evolution of plant resistance in the context of herbivory, and on floral traits in the context of pollination. This chapter explores the role of insects on the evolution of attraction and defense. It reviews the literature on selection by pollinators and herbivores on resistance and attractive traits, with the goal of highlighting the pathways by which pollinators may affect the evolution of plant resistance, and herbivores may affect the evolution of floral attractive traits. The chapter also considers selection by pollinators on plant resistance, selection by herbivores on floral traits, whether resistance and attraction traits are independent, whether herbivores and pollinators are independent, and the link between abiotic factors and geographic variation.

Keywords:   herbivores, pollinators, attraction, defense, plants, floral traits, evolution, plant resistance, pollination, selection

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