This chapter discusses several factors in the climatic and biotic environment that influence the survival of Lepidoptera populations, and examines adult behavior such as feeding, mating, and female eclosion. It then describes the climatic conditions suitable for larval and pupal development, and identifies the nutritional requirements of caterpillars. Finally, the chapter describes diapause, an important adaptation that controls the life-cycle pattern and enables Lepidoptera populations to survive during winter and dry season.
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