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Managing WomenDisciplining Labor in Modern Japan$
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Elyssa Faison

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780520252967

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520252967.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 27 September 2021

From Home Work to Corporate Paternalism

From Home Work to Corporate Paternalism

Women’s Work in Japan’s Early Industrial Age

Chapter:
(p.8) Chapter 1 From Home Work to Corporate Paternalism
Source:
Managing Women
Author(s):

Elyssa Faison

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520252967.003.0002

This chapter looks at women's wage work in early industrial Japan and the paternalist practices developed as a central part of management strategies. During the Meiji period (1868–1912), the textile industry emerged as a major source of foreign capital for the new state and a significant source of employment for Japan's first generation of women to engage extensively in wage labor. This chapter charts the history of the Factory Law and the development of paternalism in some of the largest textile companies. It elucidates the connections between an emerging national ideal of “good wife, wise mother,” which was grounded in middle-class assumptions of education and leisure, and the growing demand for young women and girls to leave their rural families for work in the cotton-spinning and silk-reeling factories of the new industrial economy.

Keywords:   women's work, early industrial Japan, textile industry, Factory Law, paternalism, cotton-spinning

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