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Managing WomenDisciplining Labor in Modern Japan$
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Elyssa Faison

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780520252967

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520252967.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021

Keeping “Idle Youngsters” Out of Trouble

Keeping “Idle Youngsters” Out of Trouble

Japan’s 1929 Abolition of Night Work and the Problem of Free Time

(p.27) Chapter 2 Keeping “Idle Youngsters” Out of Trouble
Managing Women

Elyssa Faison

University of California Press

This chapter focuses on the 1929 ban on night work for women and children and the sense of crisis the ban provoked among managers of female labor. The end of night work sparked concerns about the use of workers' free time, an increase in which managers feared would result in labor organizing and actions against employers or in immoral sexual activities. Managers' attempts to discipline textile workers in accordance with their construction as future wives and mothers intensified after the prohibition of night work. Company managers implemented new educational, cultural, and physical-exercise programs in order to direct every working and nonworking hour of their female employees. This shift toward bodily management signaled a new strategy by companies to combat labor organizing and the increasingly large and violent strikes of the post-Depression era.

Keywords:   night work, female labor, textile workers, labor organizing, post-Depression era

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