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Tears from IronCultural Responses to  Famine in Nineteenth-Century China$
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Kathryn Edgerton-Tarpley

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780520253025

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520253025.001.0001

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Shanxi, Greater China, and the Famine

Shanxi, Greater China, and the Famine

Chapter:
(p.14) (p.15) Chapter 1 Shanxi, Greater China, and the Famine
Source:
Tears from Iron
Author(s):

Kathryn Edgerton-Tarpley

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520253025.003.0002

It was in Shanxi Province that the Incredible Famine threw its longest shadow. The province lost its pre-famine population of between fifteen and seventeen million people to starvation, disease, and flight. Before the famine struck, however, Shanxi had been thriving. As one of the few parts of China not severely affected by one of the three gigantic mid-nineteenth-century rebellions, in the early 1870s, the province was home to the lucrative Hedong saltworks, an impressive banking network, and merchants powerful enough to dominate China's trade with Mongolia and Russia. This chapter examines how the drought that struck between 1876 and 1878 resulted in a devastating famine that brought such a wealthy and strategically important part of the empire to its knees. It considers how the formidable challenges facing the Qing Empire in the late nineteenth century hampered the state's ability to prevent a drought from escalating into a major famine.

Keywords:   Shanxi Province, Incredible Famine, pre-famine population, major famine, Qing Empire, Hedong saltworks

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