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The Life and Times of the Shah$
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Gholam RezaAfkhami

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520253285

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520253285.001.0001

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(p.381) 17 Savak
The Life and Times of the Shah

Gholam R. Afkhami

University of California Press

The idea of a modern central intelligence agency for Iran was brought up a year or so after the fall of Mosaddeq in conversations with the Americans and the British and subsequently the Israelis. The bill to establish SAVAK—Sazeman-e ettela'at va amniat-e keshvar, or State Organization for Intelligence and Security—passed the Senate on 20 January 1957 and the Majlis on 14 March. Israel had had some contact with the army's G2 before Iran's armed forces were reorganized along U.S. army lines. The Iranian intelligence community believed that the Israelis had better accord with Iran than with Turkey because of a mutual history that looked back to when Cyrus the Great liberated the Jewish people from their captivity. Iran and Israel agreed that Iran might face threats in a 150-kilometer radius around its borders, essentially on the Arab sides. Russia was out of reach and the shah forbad any activity in Turkey.

Keywords:   central intelligence, Israel, Turkey, Iran, Iranian intelligence, SAVAK

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