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The Life and Times of the Shah$
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Gholam RezaAfkhami

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520253285

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520253285.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 03 August 2021

The Gathering Storm

The Gathering Storm

(p.441) 20 The Gathering Storm
The Life and Times of the Shah

Gholam R. Afkhami

University of California Press

Jamshid Amouzegar was appointed prime minister on 7 August 1977. The year Amouzegar was at the helm saw a transformation in the anti-shah forces and their strategy that required political response. The opening of the political space had enabled the left, resulted in sporadic armed struggle, and the Islamists, although more or less contained since the attempt on the shah in 1965, were able to achieve a political mass based in universities and mosques, respectively. All this resulted in an evolutionary history that remained mostly nebulous and seemingly marginal. In 1977, however, what the shah called the alliance of the red and the black began to gel, moving from the shadows into the open. The date 8 September 1978 marked a tragedy for the regime. The Islamists had scored a coup with the Cinema Rex arson in Abadan. The opposition moved from demonstrating on the outside to attacking the regime from within its paraphernalia of governance.

Keywords:   political space, Islamists, anti-shah, Cinema Rex arson, Jamshid Amouzegar, governance, coup

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