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The Life and Times of the Shah$
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Gholam RezaAfkhami

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520253285

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520253285.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Ascending the Throne

Ascending the Throne

(p.60) (p.61) 4 Ascending the Throne
The Life and Times of the Shah

Gholam R. Afkhami

University of California Press

In 1939, as war broke out in Europe, Russia was Iran's main worry. Communism, a mystery to most Iranians, was generally disliked because it was “godless,” clearly to be shunned and condemned. Its creed ran counter to Iranians' sense of authenticity. The war caught Iran in a bad time. An inflationary spiral had taken hold while salaries had remained fixed. Oil revenues had gone down, retarding industrial growth. The Germans buttered up the shah; the British fought with him. At the time, the only major power the shah was able to pressure was England, because of England's dependence on the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC). The last days of Reza Shah on the throne were traumatic for him and for his son. His policy was to accommodate the Allies while maintaining Iran's neutrality. But he had misread the Russians and particularly the British.

Keywords:   communism, Russia, Iran, Reza Shah, oil revenues, AIOC, England, World War II, Allies

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