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The Life and Times of the Shah$
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Gholam RezaAfkhami

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520253285

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520253285.001.0001

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(p.86) 5 Azerbaijan
The Life and Times of the Shah

Gholam R. Afkhami

University of California Press

The Allied invasion of Iran on 25 August 1941 made the preservation of Iran's independence and territorial integrity the government's most urgent task. Reza Shah's letter to President Roosevelt had not produced an immediate effect; but the response it had elicited at least placed on record the United States' assurances about the Allies' commitment to Iran's independence. The Tripartite Treaty placed Iran on the side of the Allies, but the relationship remained strained. Many Iranians considered the treaty necessary but also an imposition. The declaration and the treaty were meant to help Iran, at the conclusion of the war, to make demands on behalf of its national interests on strategic, legal, and moral grounds. However, such grounds for appeal were conditioned by the exigencies of the emerging Cold War, Soviet expansionism, and British intransigence.

Keywords:   Iran, Cold War, Soviet expansionism, Tripartite Treaty, Allies, Reza Shah

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