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The Life and Times of the Shah$
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Gholam RezaAfkhami

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520253285

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520253285.001.0001

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The Life and Times of the Shah

Gholam R. Afkhami

University of California Press

As 1953 progressed, Mosaddeq's problems grew worse, in a chain of interconnected events. In June, the Majlis became a hub of tension as pro- and anti-Mosaddeq deputies fought for control. The fall of the monarchy in Egypt late in June shocked the shah and reverberated across the land. Many in the Majlis and outside now worried seriously that the same fate awaited Iran. The rift between the prime minister and the Majlis widened as economic and political pressure rose in July. On the 16th of August, the government announced that the officers of the Imperial Guard had attempted a coup but had failed. Such events occurred in conjunction with a CIA project code-named TPAJAX. On 22 August, the shah told the members of the chamber of commerce that the national uprising proved that class conflict had no dominion in Iran when high national interests were concerned.

Keywords:   monarchy, Majlis, Mosaddeq deputies, TPAJAX, shah, Imperial Guard, CIA, Iran

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