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California's Fading WildflowersLost Legacy and Biological Invasions$
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Richard Minnich

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780520253537

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520253537.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 18 October 2019

Invasion of Franciscan Annuals, Grazing, and California Pasture in the Nineteenth Century

Invasion of Franciscan Annuals, Grazing, and California Pasture in the Nineteenth Century

Chapter:
(p.66) Chapter 3 Invasion of Franciscan Annuals, Grazing, and California Pasture in the Nineteenth Century
Source:
California's Fading Wildflowers
Author(s):

Richard A. Minnich

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520253537.003.0003

The deliberate introduction of European annual glasses and forbs by the Franciscan missionaries began a transformation of the California herbaceous flora, which is an ongoing process. In explaining the transformation to modern exotic annual grassland, the scientific community is still at the first step: detailing the history of invasions and associated change in California pastures. Conceptual models on the history of California pasture are frustrated by the sparse written record from the Spanish and Mexican periods. Because the early expansion of exotic species coincided with the introduction of livestock, whose collective numbers increased to millions of animals by the nineteenth century, ecologists have also addressed the role of grazing in the early expansion of European invasives.

Keywords:   European annual grasses, California herbaceous flora, California pasture, exotic species

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