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Pandemonium and ParadeJapanese Monsters and the Culture of Yokai$
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Michael Dylan Foster

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780520253612

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520253612.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 01 August 2021

Introduction to the Weird

Introduction to the Weird

(p.1) Chapter 1 Introduction to the Weird
Pandemonium and Parade

Michael Dylan Foster

University of California Press

This chapter introduces the various supernatural creatures in Japanese culture. These creatures are often considered as yôkai, which can be translated as monster, spirit, goblin, ghost, demon, phantom, and a variety of other terms. The chapter first discusses the discourses that provide yôkai with specific meanings during different cultural moments. It then studies the various terms that have been associated with supernatural creatures and strange phenomena, as well as the classification systems designed to order yôkai. This chapter also addresses the questions of belief, clarifies the terms supernatural and mysterious, discusses the research on yôkai, and identifies other kinds of monsters.

Keywords:   supernatural creatures, yôkai, Japanese culture, classification systems, belief, supernatural, mysterious, research on yôkai, monsters, meanings

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