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Pandemonium and ParadeJapanese Monsters and the Culture of Yokai$
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Michael Dylan Foster

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780520253612

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520253612.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

Media of the Weird

Media of the Weird

(p.160) Chapter 5 Media of the Weird
Pandemonium and Parade

Mizuki Shigeru


University of California Press

This chapter discusses yôkai in the 1970s and 1980s, after Japan's period of fast economic growth. It notes that the trope for this period was the media, and looks at the role yôkai played within various forms of mass media. It studies the manga artist, Mizuki Shigeru, whose popular illustrations renewed the image of the yôkai in the cultural imagination. This chapter also introduces a new yôkai, the Kuchi-sake-onna, the main character of a popular 1979 urban legend about a female yôkai with a horribly slit mouth. It shows that she became a popular media icon, and expressed very real modern concerns about the roles of women in a patriarchal society.

Keywords:   media, yôkai, mass media, Mizuki Shigeru, Kuchi-sake-onna, urban legend, female yôkai, media icon, roles of women, patriarchal society

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