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Pandemonium and ParadeJapanese Monsters and the Culture of Yokai$
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Michael Dylan Foster

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780520253612

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520253612.001.0001

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Yōkai Culture: Past, Present, Future

Yōkai Culture: Past, Present, Future

(p.204) Chapter 6 Yōkai Culture: Past, Present, Future
Pandemonium and Parade

Michael Dylan Foster

University of California Press

This chapter continues the discussion on yôkai in mass media, and explores the yôkai boom that occurred during the 1980s and 1990s. It begins with a section on the J-horror genre, which are composed of Japanese horror films that entered the global market during the late 1990s. It notes that while these J-horror characters became popular internationally, the more traditional yôkai continued to be nostalgic icons of the hometown or furusato. It then introduces the yôkaigaku, a multidisciplinary humanistic study that draws on the various fields of literature, history, and art, to name a few. This chapter also examines some of the famous yôkai characters in media, such as Sadako and the Pokémon (pocket monsters).

Keywords:   mass media, yôkai boom, J-horror, Japanese horror films, traditional yôkai, yôkaigaku, Sadako, Pokémon

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