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Creationism and Its Critics in Antiquity$
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David Sedley

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780520253643

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520253643.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 19 October 2019

Aristotle

Aristotle

Chapter:
(p.167) VI Aristotle
Source:
Creationism and Its Critics in Antiquity
Author(s):

David Sedley

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520253643.003.0006

Aristotle was Plato's student for two decades before founding his own school. Aristotle is the ultimate teleological thinker of antiquity, and his teleology takes us to the very heart of his physics, his biology, his metaphysics, and his ethics. Aristotle cures the twin issues of creation and administration in strict parallel to each other. The world, along with its resident species, is not the product of an intelligent act of creation, for the simple reason that it had no beginning at all but has always existed as a thesis he defends by appeal to the essential of the heaven's circular motion. Aristotle is more Platonist than Plato. He too (Nicomachean ethics X 7–8) holds that the kind of happiness that can come from leading a virtuous civic life, although of great value, is instant, best likened to the godlike happiness of pure detached contemplation. Aristotle improves Plato to the extent that he seeks to make his own theology consistent with the same ranking of different brands of happiness.

Keywords:   Aristotle, teleological thinker, ethics, physics, Platonist

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