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Peasant and Empire in Christian North Africa$
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Leslie Dossey

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780520254398

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520254398.001.0001

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Reinterpreting Rebellion

Reinterpreting Rebellion

Textual Communities and the Circumcellions

Chapter:
(p.173) 7 Reinterpreting Rebellion
Source:
Peasant and Empire in Christian North Africa
Author(s):

Leslie Dossey

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520254398.003.0008

By the fourth century, various aspects of Roman civic life—commodities, communal structures, and public speaking—had spread to the North African countryside. This chapter addresses the question of how they came to undermine verecundia, the modesty and respect that were the proper attributes of the peasant in his relations with his superiors. It starts by considering the Donatist “circumcellions,” who were accused of preventing creditors from collecting their debts, reversing the position between master and slave, and attacking imperial officials for distributing charity to the poor. The chapter then compares some Catholic incidents known from Augustine's letters—a bishop telling coloni that they need not obey their landlord, a band of rural clergy flogging a magistrate who had seduced a local nun, and clerics freeing coloni who had been wrongly enslaved.

Keywords:   Roman civic life, peasants, verecundia, Donatist circumcellions, bishops, coloni

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