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Wuhan, 1938 – War, Refugees, and the Making of Modern China | California Scholarship Online
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Wuhan, 1938: War, Refugees, and the Making of Modern China

Stephen MacKinnon


During the spring of 1938, a flood of Chinese refugees displaced by the Anti-Japanese War (1937–1945) converged on the central Yangzi valley tricity complex of Wuhan. For ten remarkable months, in a highly charged atmosphere of carnage, heroism, and desperation, Wuhan held out against the Japanese in what would become a turning point in the war—and one that attracted international attention. This book tells the full story of Wuhan's defense and fall, and how the siege's aftermath led to new directions in the history of modern Chinese culture, society, and politics.

Keywords: Chinese refugees, Anti-Japanese War, Yangzi valley, Wuhan, defense, fall, siege, Chinese culture

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2008 Print ISBN-13: 9780520254459
Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012 DOI:10.1525/california/9780520254459.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Stephen MacKinnon, author