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Who Is Knowledgeable Is StrongScience, Class, and the Formation of Modern Iranian Society, 1900-1950$
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Cyrus Schayegh

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520254473

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520254473.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 30 July 2021

The Economic Dimensions

The Economic Dimensions

Chapter:
(p.53) Chapter 3 The Economic Dimensions
Source:
Who Is Knowledgeable Is Strong
Author(s):

Cyrus Schayegh

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520254473.003.0004

The formation of the modern middle class in Iran occurred only because cultural capital was complemented by economic capital. Cultural capital was a central but not sufficient condition for class formation. Economic capital was grounded in the expansion of higher modern education—in itself a form of cultural capital—and in the growth of public and private markets for modern professional, science-based knowledge. Educational, legal, and professional reforms invaded upon the internet's social groups that are deemed antagonistic to modernization. In medicine, those singled out were the clergy, traditional physicians, and foreign physicians. The political economy of cultural capital also illustrates that classes and other antagonistic social collectives are continually engaged in a struggle to impose on their social rivals the definition of the world that is most congruent with their particular interests.

Keywords:   economic capital, educational, modernization, antagonistic collectives, physicians

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