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Who Is Knowledgeable Is StrongScience, Class, and the Formation of Modern Iranian Society, 1900-1950$
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Cyrus Schayegh

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520254473

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520254473.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 19 October 2019

The Dangers of Modernity: Neurology, Psychiatry, and the Effects of Modern Technology and a Modern Economy

The Dangers of Modernity: Neurology, Psychiatry, and the Effects of Modern Technology and a Modern Economy

Chapter:
(p.74) (p.75) Chapter 4 The Dangers of Modernity: Neurology, Psychiatry, and the Effects of Modern Technology and a Modern Economy
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Who Is Knowledgeable Is Strong
Author(s):

Cyrus Schayegh

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520254473.003.0005

Specific biomedical sciences have not been passively received from Western countries. They can be described as being accurate in interaction with—and thus able to shed of light on—conditions seen to be necessary for and problems believed to be created by Iran's modernity. These interactive processes truly took off in the 1910s. They materialized into three focal points, which are known as “The Dangers of Modernity,” “Biopower,” and “The Self-Reliant Personality.” All three centered on managing physical, mental, and moral health. Individual and national vitality were the objectives of a strategy of “medicalizing” modernity, which formed part of a global pattern boosted in the nineteenth century and shaped by international hierarchies of power and modern knowledge. The modern middle class, the social agent acculturating biomedical sciences, had a decisive hand in shaping this medicalizing strategy. The problems and conditions of Iranian modernity were not simply objectively existing realities.

Keywords:   biomedical sciences, modernity, vitality, hierarchies, medicalizing strategy

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