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Who Is Knowledgeable Is StrongScience, Class, and the Formation of Modern Iranian Society, 1900-1950$
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Cyrus Schayegh

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520254473

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520254473.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 30 July 2021

The Self-Reliant Personality: Psychology, Pedagogy, and the Problem of Willpower

The Self-Reliant Personality: Psychology, Pedagogy, and the Problem of Willpower

Chapter:
(p.157) Chapter 6 The Self-Reliant Personality: Psychology, Pedagogy, and the Problem of Willpower
Source:
Who Is Knowledgeable Is Strong
Author(s):

Cyrus Schayegh

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520254473.003.0007

This chapter reviews the interaction among psychology, pedagogy, and the modernists' moralistic view of the psychological profile necessary for the individuals to function properly in modern society. Willpower was believed to be not only the single most important factor in a person's ability to exercise self-control and self-reliance, but also the key psychological quality in a nation. The trouble with the notion of willpower as the key to human action is its vagueness, something that had troubled thinkers in the nineteenth-century. In France and other Western countries in the late nineteenth century, not only scientists, but the public in general, became concerned about weak willpower. Iranian authors agreed that willpower is something which is slowly taught rather than given. Only persistent self-control and exercise can maintain willpower.

Keywords:   psychology, pedagogy, willpower, France, modernists

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