This chapter briefly discusses the processes leading up to the eruption of the first intifada. It argues that the excesses and contradictions produced by Israel's controlling apparatuses and practices helped spur Palestinian resistance, and led Israel, in turn, to alter the modes of power it employed to manage the population. After describing the different forms of Palestinian resistance that developed during the uprising as well as Israel's initial response to them, it is shown that Israel's attempt to quell the uprising by emphasizing sovereign modes of power failed. Gradually, it became clear that Israel could not manage the population by using forms of control that operated in the service of sovereign powe; the political, social, and economic cost was just too high. The Oslo Accords can therefore be considered an effect of Israel's realization that it had to find a new way to manage the lives of the Palestinian inhabitants in order to continue holding on to the occupied land, or at least parts of it.
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