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Malformed FrogsThe Collapse of Aquatic Ecosystems$
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Michael Lannoo

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780520255883

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520255883.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021



(p.1) Introduction
Malformed Frogs

Michael Lannoo

University of California Press

In the summer of 1995, students found a large number of malformed northern leopard frogs (Rana pipiens) on a field trip to Minnesota. This discovery was quickly followed by other similar reports. This book explores the science underlying the malformed frog phenomenon: the history, the background that science provides to our current thinking, and what science offers in terms of solutions to the problem. It also identifies the causes and mechanisms underlying malformations, and offers possible solutions to this phenomenon.

Keywords:   northern leopard frogs, Rana pipiens, Minnesota, malformed frog phenomenon, malformations

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